Cathy Dunn from a scene at Macy’s in “Lovers and Lollipops”
Another inspiration was “Lovers and Lollipops,” the Morris Engel and Ruth Orkin feature in which a widow, her new suitor and her daughter go on an excursion around New York City.
“That became a really amazing document for locations, because it was all shot in real places with natural light in New York close enough to when ‘Carol’ takes place,” Mr. Haynes said. A scene in “Lovers and Lollipops” set in the Macy’s toy section inspired the department-store scenes in “Carol.”
The book collected a selection of 1950s photojournalism that revealed a “distressed, dirty, sagging city” that jarred with their own romanticised notions of New York at the time. Aptly for a film that prioritises female perspectives, many of these photographers were women: Ruth Orkin, Helen Levitt, Esther Bubley and Vivian Maier were all major influences for the team behind Carol. Haynes added that this was where the film developed its “soiled colour palette”.
SS INSIDER: Awards Feature: Director Todd Haynes finds inspiration for CAROL in obscure docudrama “Lost Language of Feminity” 12/17/15
Instead, he found inspiration in an obscure 1956 docudrama called Lovers and Lollipops, directed by Ruth Orkin and Morris Engle. It was about a single mother, and was shot on location in New York. “Everything about the movie was useful because it was such a slice of life of the time,” says Haynes. “It wasn’t how women behave today, in a post 60s or 70s Patti Smith world. It was almost something you would see in your grandmother. It was a lost language of femininity.”
THE HOLLYWOOD REPORTER – Making of CAROL: Why It Took 60 Years to Film the Lesbian Love Story 1/5/16
Preproduction began in January 2014, with Nagy overseeing minor script rewrites as the director amassed an overstuffed “look book” to inspire his production team (he was drawn to archival images by street photographers of the era like Esther Bubley, Helen Levitt and Ruth Orkin).
AMERICAN CINEMATOGRAPHER – December 2015 Ed Lachman, ASC, taps Super 16 for Todd Haynes period melodrama CAROL
Lachman reveals that Therese’s early photos were in fact shot in the 1960s by photographer Brian Blauser, and her later work was shot byCarol’s set photographer, Wilson Webb. The filmmakers wanted Therese’s photos to share the same sensitivity and gritty realism found in the work of mid-20th century female photographers like Lisette Model, Berenice Abbott, Ruth Orkin, Esther Bubley, Helen Levitt and Vivian Maier. Haynes wrote to Lachman, “Women played a much more relevant, central role in depicting and documenting those times, but it also wavered between art photography — like many of their careers did — and photojournalism. And so it was both artistic and aestheticized …. The soft, soiled look of period photography (rather than its cinema) should both soften and soil the emotional content of the story.”
Join us for a special double-feature event with screenings of Carol and Lovers and Lollipops, plus an extended conversation with Todd Haynes.
CAROL Todd Haynes, USA, 2015, DCP, 118m Haynes’s adaptation of Patricia Highsmith’s early novel stars Cate Blanchett as the titular Carol, a wealthy suburban wife and mother, and Rooney Mara as an aspiring photographer. They meet by chance, fall in love almost at first sight, and defy the closet of the early 1950s to be together. Working with his longtime cinematographer Ed Lachman and shooting on the Super-16 film he favors for its echoes of the movie history of 20th-century America, Haynes charts subtle shifts of power and desire in images that are alternately luminous and oppressive. Blanchett and Mara are both splendid; the erotic connection between their characters is palpable from beginning to end, as much in its repression as in eagerly claimed moments of expressive freedom. Originally published under a pseudonym, Carol is Highsmith’s most affirmative work; Haynes has more than done justice to the multilayered emotions evoked by the original. A Weinstein Company release. An NYFF53 selection.
LOVERS AND LOLLIPOPS Morris Engel & Ruth Orkin, USA, 1955, 35mm, 82m Morris Engel and Ruth Orkin followed up their paradigm-shifting debut feature Little Fugitive with another film about a young child discovering and challenging the habits of adults. As was true for the directors’ earlier film, the plot of Lovers and Lollipops—a 7-year-old girl goes to escalating lengths to disrupt her widowed mother’s burgeoning romance with a sympathetic old friend—registers less than its constant stream of precisely observed, improbably sustained moments: a visit to the Museum of Modern Art; a bedtime reading that escalates into a mini-confrontation; a trip to the Bronx Zoo. An underappreciated landmark of American independent filmmaking, Lovers and Lollipops is a fleet-footed, stylish document of an older New York, and a crucial period reference for Haynes’s sumptuous new film,Carol.
RUTH ORKIN IN 1947; THE WASHINGTON MONUMENT PHOTOGRAPHED BY ORKIN IN 1939
In 1939, a 17-year old girl living in California decided to embark on a monumental bike trip across the country. The World’s Fair in New York City was her destination. That girl was award winning photojournalist and filmmaker Ruth Orkin (1921-1985).
Orkin grew up in Hollywood in the 1920s and 1930s, and at the age of 10, received her first camera, a 39¢ Univex. She began by photographing her friends and teachers at school. Obsessed with traveling after three cross country train trips with her family, she took a job as a teenager at a travel agency in 1937. When a pamphlet for American Youth Hostels arrived in the mail one day at work, offering cheap lodging and cooking facilities for travelers journeying by foot or bicycle, the call for adventure was too great to resist.
PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN BY ORKIN AND PAGE FROM THE SCRAPBOOK SHE MADE DOCUMENTING THE 1939 BIKE TRIP. ALL CAPTIONS HANDWRITTEN BY ORKIN
At 16, Orkin took her first Youth Hostel trip to San Francisco, and the following year somehow convinced her parents to let her bicycle across the country. Multiple newspapers carried the story of this 17-year old on a cross country tour of U.S. Youth Hostels. While she had actually hitchhiked from LA to Chicago, and then Chicago to New York – equally adventurous and kind of crazy — Orkin later wrote in her book, A Photo Journal, published in 1981, “The bicycling was done while I was sightseeing in each city: Chicago, New York, Philadelphia, Washington, DC, and Boston. I also biked the smaller distances between the four eastern cities and while hosteling through four New England states. All in all I biked a total of 2000 miles during those four months!”
The photographs taken on that trip are quite extraordinary and sophisticated for such a young girl, as is the scrapbook she diligently created documenting the trip. That she made this journey unscathed is equally impressive. Her intrepid spirit would bring her back to New York City in 1943 where she began working as a nightclub photographer. She later became a highly sought-after freelance photographer, traveling around the world and contributing to Life, Look, Ladies’ Home Journal and other magazines. Orkin’s candid photographs of actors and directors include Woody Allen, Lauren Bacall, Humphrey Bogart, Doris Day, Kirk Douglas, Lana Turner, Spencer Tracy, Orson Welles, Marlon Brando, among others, in addition to many of the greatest musicians, such as Leonard Bernstein, Isaac Stern, Aaron Copland, Jascha Heifitz, and Serge Koussevitzky.
Ruth Orkin’s series “The Cardplayers” was the only sequence that Edward Steichen included in the The Family of Man exhibition that was held at the Museum of Modern Art in 1955.
A ‘Family of Man’ Reunion
By David Gonzalez
The idea that a photo exhibit could capture “the essential oneness of mankind” seems either arrogant or naïve today. Headlines about conflict and violence remind us daily that no, we can’t all get along. And the rise of ethnic pride, identity politics and access to image-making technology have upended stereotypes. Yet 60 years ago theMuseum of Modern Art set out to do just that when it mounted “The Family of Man,” an ambitious exhibit and book that changed the landscape of modern photography.
The book — the museum’s most popular publication ever with more than 300,000 copies sold — is a foundational volume, familiar to pretty much any photographer working in the latter half of the 20th century. But it also had tremendous popular appeal, so much so that proceeds from the book’s sales endowed an acquisition fund that has allowed MoMA to purchase more than 700 works. To commemorate the 60th anniversary of its publication, the museum has come out with a special hardcover edition of the book that is a facsimile of the original edition.
The book features 503 images by 273 photographers — from the famous to the unknown — all of which were used by Edward Steichen and his assistant, Wayne Miller, to orchestrate a grand vision of humanity, showing people around the world working, playing, fighting and loving. They were placed carefully in the layout, creating a visual and emotional rhythm.
Next month, Sotheby’s will bring a broad array of photography to the auction block, illuminating the impressive range of the medium through a survey of Modern and Post-War image makers. While audiences will get their fair share of the men who helped changed the history of photos — think Bill Brandt, Robert Frank, Weegee, Alfred Stieglitz and Ansel Adams — some of the most impressive names in the bunch belong to the 20th and 21st century women who have brought the art of photography to new heights.
Diane Arbus, Nan Goldin and Annie Leibovitz are indelible icons in the photography canon, having created works that art history students will be studying for centuries to come. Below is a primer on 10 of the historic women included in the upcoming photography sale at Sotheby’s. Add these ladies to your list of art world saints, pronto.
Beyond the list below, works by photographers like Doris Ulmann, Imogen Cunningham, Alma Lavenson, Consuelo Kanaga, Dorothea Lange, Ruth Bernhard, Berenice Abbott, Lisette Model and Lynn Davis will also be up for sale at Sotheby’s next month. However, there are, of course, many more woman photographers you should know outside of this sale, particularly the work of Carrie Mae Weems, Lorna Simpson, Graciela Iturbide and, of course, Cindy Sherman.
While Sotheby’s survey stands to correct the long male-dominated realm of photography by including many of the women who helped shape the medium, there still remains a lack of American women of color in the sale. This is yet another reason why we need curators to readdress the annals of art history to rediscover the artists mainstream institutions have ignored. These 10 women deserve every bit of recognition next month, but there’s no harm in pushing auctioneers to bring a more diverse lot of artworks to the table.
In that spirit, let us know which photographers you’d add to the sale in the comments.
Sotheby’s “Photographs” sale will take place on Oct. 7 at 10 a.m. in New York City.
American Girl in Italy, Florence, 1951 –
Copyright 1952, 1980 Ruth Orkin
1. Ruth Orkin
The late Ruth Orkin, born in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1921, captured an image that has since served as a bold reminder of what it was like to travel as a single woman in post-WWII Europe. The photo above, shot in 1951, is not staged. Rather, it shows Orkin’s friend Ninalee Craig walking along a Florence street amidst a crowd of Italian strangers all too eager to take notice of a lone woman (they were aware of a camera, but not instructed to gawk). Craig and Orkin’s daughter Mary Engel have insisted that the image is not about harassment or the male gaze; instead it’s meant to highlight the resilience of a woman intent on experiencing the world on her own.
Orkin worked steadily from the 1940s to the 1980s, shooting for publications like The New York Times and Life, co-directing an Oscar-nominated film, and showing at the Metropolitan Museum of Art before she died in New York City in 1985.
In August 1951 two American women, Ruth Orkin and Ninalee Craig met in Florence, Italy and the rest as they say is history! Sixty four years later here is the magnificent Ninalee Craig in a slightly different version once again…
Watch Rooney Mara, Todd Haynes and Cate Blanchett being interviewed about their new film CAROL at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival, and mention being influenced by Ruth Orkin’s photographs and Orkin/Engel’s films: “Little Fugitive;” “Lovers and Lollipops” and “Weddings and Babies.”
Last month, writer Sarah Coleman published an article in Photography District News on archival best practices, which included quotes from Mary Engel on directing the Ruth Orkin and Morris Engel Film and Photo Archive. Coleman continued the conversation with Mary on her blog, The Literate Lens, discussing Morris’s and Orkin’s lives, work, and influences; how Mary came to run the archive; and the formation of APAG.
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